Lowland & montane atlantic evergreen forest geocomplex biome. 1. Evergreen seasonal coastal shrubland (“restinga”): Myrcia splendens-Guapira opposita communities with Butia capitata, Pilosocereus arrabidae, Psidium cattleianum, Eugenia brasiliensis, Pera glabrata, Kielmeyera membranacea, Spondias macrocarpa. Sand dunes coastal restinga vegetation. 2. Mangroves: Avicennia schaueriana-Rhizophora mangle communities. 3. Evergreen lowland forest: Xylopia brasiliensis-Sloanea guianensis communities, with, Ocotea puberula, Euterpe edulis, Attalea dubia, Syagrus romanzoffiana, Weinmannia paullinifolia, Terminalia uleana. Lowland humid-hyperhumid atlantic forest. 4. Evergreen low-montane forest: Oreopanax capitatus-Jacaranda montana-Weinmannia organensis communities, with Pyllostylon brasiliense. 5. Evergreen montane atlantic woodland: Clethra uleana-Myrcia obtecta community. Humid to hyperhumid woodland and shrublands on mountain summits. 6. Deciduous montane atlantic forest: Myracrodruon balansae-Schinopsis brasiliensis-Attalea pindobassu communities. Rain-shadow seasonally dry valleys. 7. Evergreen riparian atlantic forest. Inga tenuis-I. thibaudiana-Cariniana ianeirensis communities. Seasonally flooded riverine banks and floodplain. 8. Evergreen seasonal sclerophyllous woodland (Cerrado). Kielmeyera grandiflora-Callisthene major-Vochysia elliptica communities. 9. Montane woodland savanna: Butia campicola-Berberis glazioviana-Lantana camara, Paepalanthus sp. pl. communities, with Andropogon bicornis. Non flooded pyrogenic secondary savannas that replace the forest after the impact of fire and logging. 10. Evergreen montane Atlantic forest and woodland: Ocotea puberula-Araucaria angustifolia communities, with humid grassland: Leptocoryphium lanatum-Paspalum lineare community. 11. Evergreen montane riparian forest: Podocarpus lambertii communities. Graphic geobotanical interpretation based on Bolós et al. (1991) and cited references.

 
 
  Part of: Navarro G, Luebert F, Molina JA (2023) South American terrestrial biomes as geocomplexes: a geobotanical landscape approach. Vegetation Classification and Survey 4: 75-114. https://doi.org/10.3897/VCS.96710