Montane evergreen seasonal and deciduous forest & woodland geocomplex. 1. Evergreen seasonal woodland: Escallonia hypoglauca-Polylepis crista-gallii community. Zonal high-montane humid pluviseasonal vegetation. 2. Bunch-grasslands & thickets: Aristida mandoniana-Festuca hieronymi communities. 3200-4000 m. High-montane seral/successional communities 3. Saxicolous vegetation: Rebutia fiebrigii-Cleistocactus straussii communities. 3200-3800 m. High-montane cliffs and rocks vegetation. 4. Flooded deciduous forest: Vallesia glabra-Alnus acuminata community. Seasonally or intermitently flooded riverine forest (lotic). 5. Riparian tussock-grassland: Cortaderia rudiuscula communities. Lotic successional riverine vegetation with seasonal to episodic flooding. 6. Evergreen seasonal forest: Prunus tucumanensis-Podocarpus parlatorei community. Zonal montane humid pluviseasonal forest and woodland. 7. Evergreen seasonal woodland (Sahuintal): Myrcianthes callicoma-Myrcianthes pseudomato community. Intrazonal wet basin headwater vegetation. 8. Deciduous forest: Parapiptadenia excelsa-Tipuana tipu community. Zonal montane pluviseasonal subhumid vegetation. 9. Deciduous thorn woodland and shrubland: Trichocereus terscheckii-Schinopsis haenkeana community. Zonal rain-shadow interandean valleys dry vegetation. 10. Evergreen seasonal forest: Phoebe porphyria-]uglans australis community. Zonal low-montane humid pluviseasonal vegetation. Graphic geobotanical interpretation based on our numerous field transect data (from 1990 to 2020) and cited references.

 
 
  Part of: Navarro G, Luebert F, Molina JA (2023) ´╗┐South American terrestrial biomes as geocomplexes: a geobotanical landscape approach. Vegetation Classification and Survey 4: 75-114. https://doi.org/10.3897/VCS.96710