Montane deciduous thorn woodland & shrubland geocomplex. 1. Riparian pioneer thicket: Equisetum bogotensis-Tessaria absynthioides community. Pioneer successional riverine vegetation with intermitently to episodic irregular flooding 2. Intermitently flooded riverine successional shrubland: Baccharis salicifolia communities. 3. Riparian forest: Pisoniella arborescens-Salix humboldtiana community. Montane interandean seasonally flooded riverine forest. 4. Phreatophyllous thorn-woodland: Acacia visco-Prosopis alba community. Alluvial floodplain with shallow water tables. 5. Deciduous thorn woodland & shrubland: Neocardenasia herzogiana-Schinopsis haenkeana community (1400-1900 m) and Espostoa guentherii-Loxopterygium grisebachi (< 1400 m) community. Interandean low-montane dry and semiarid zonal vegetation. 6. Saxicolous vegetation: Barbaceniopsis boliviana-Deuterocohnia longipetala community. Interandean montane azonal saxicolous vegetation. 7. Deciduous thorn woodland: Cardenasiodendron brachypterum-Schinopsis haenkeana community. Interandean montane dry zonal vegetation. 8. Evergreen seasonal riparian woodland: Pisonia ambigua-Myroxylon peruiferum community. Interandean montane stream vegetation with irregular or episodic flooding. 9. Deciduous forest and woodland: Jacaranda mimosifolia-Tipuana tipu community. Interandean montane dry and lower subhumid zonal vegetation. Graphic geobotanical interpretation based on our numerous field transect data (from 1990 to 2020) and cited references.

 
 
  Part of: Navarro G, Luebert F, Molina JA (2023) ´╗┐South American terrestrial biomes as geocomplexes: a geobotanical landscape approach. Vegetation Classification and Survey 4: 75-114. https://doi.org/10.3897/VCS.96710