Lowland & montane evergreen pacific forest geocomplex. 1. Riverine palm-Woodland: Raphia taedigera communities. Seasonally flooded sandy-marshy river beaches. 2. Flooded riverine successional forest: Chrysobalanus icaco-Erythrina fusca communiy. 3. Evergreen mature forest: Mora megistosperma-Prioria copaifera communities. Seasonally flooded alluvial floodplain. 4. Swamp palm-woodland: Montrichardia arborescens-Mauritiella macroclada communities. Permanently flooded lowland marshes. 5. Evergreen lowland Chocó Forest: Cordia panamensis-Huberodendron patinoi communities. Lowland alluvial seasonally saturated medium drained soils. 6. Evergreen lower-hills Chocó forest (100-300 m): Anacardium excelsum-Cavanillesia platanifolia communities. 7. Evergreen medium-hills lowland forest (300-1200 m): Brosimum utile-Cariniana pyriformis-Dipteryx panamensis communities. 8. Evergreen low-montane forest: (1100-1800 m): Guettarda chiriquensis -Weinmannia balbisiana-Ficus hartwegii communities. 9. Evergreen upper montane forest (2400-2800 m): Quercus humboldtii-Podocarpus oleifolius communities. 10. Evergreen high-montane woodland (3500-3700 m): Miconia gleasoniana-Weinmannia mariquitae communities. Graphic geobotanical interpretation based on Cuatrecasas (1958), Rangel (1997, 2004).

 
 
  Part of: Navarro G, Luebert F, Molina JA (2023) South American terrestrial biomes as geocomplexes: a geobotanical landscape approach. Vegetation Classification and Survey 4: 75-114. https://doi.org/10.3897/VCS.96710